The varied climate and diverse landscapes of India are reflected in India’s national parks. Each sanctuary offers a distinctive wildlife experience. The Indian sub-continent supports a massive range of indigenous and unique species and is also a temporary home to many migrating species. Interestingly, India is the only country in the world where you can find both the lion and tiger in its jungles.
Thanks to wildlife conservation efforts, India has over 80 national parks and over 440 wildlife sanctuaries scattered across its length and breadth, covering almost 4.5% of the country’s total area. Endangered species including the Asiatic Lion and Elephant, the elusive Snow Leopard, the Royal Bengal tiger and the Siberian Crane find their homes here. The Kaziranga National Park of Assam is famous for the one-horned Indian Rhinoceros, while Periyar has earned a distinction for its Asiatic elephants. The Bharatpur wildlife sanctuary in Rajasthan is well known as a bird sanctuary. Some of the legendary birds found in this sanctuary include the Great Himalayan Monal pheasant, the Great Indian bustard, Choughs, and the white-bellied Sea Eagle.
India is also home to the largest population of wild tigers and accounts for almost 60% of the world’s tiger population. The famous tiger conservation parks are: Ranthambore (Rajasthan), Gir (Gujarat), Corbett (Uttar Pradesh), Periyar (Kerala), Kanha and Bandhavgarh (Madhya Pradesh), and Kaziranga (Assam).
1) India has some of the world’s most bio diverse regions encompassing a range of eco-zones such as deserts, high mountains, highlands, tropical forests, swamplands, plains, grasslands, river deltas as well as island archipelagos. The country boasts three biodiversity hotspots – the Western Ghats, the Himalayas and the Indo-Burma region that are home to numerous endemic species.
2) India is home to 70% of the world’s tiger population and a well-known destination for tiger safaris, where spotting is fairly common. It is the only country in the world where you will find both lions and tigers in the wilderness.
3) India is a paradise for bird watchers. During the winter and early summer seasons, India plays host to diverse species of migratory birds who arrive in search of feeding grounds or to escape the harsh winter of their native habitat. Some of these include Eurasian Golden Oriole, Black Crowned Night Heron, Greater Flamingo, and Rosy Pelican.
4) Wildlife tours in India are opportunities to see some endangered species such as One Horned Rhinoceros in Assam, Asiatic Lions in Gujarat, Red Pandas in Sikkim and parts of Meghalaya, Snow Leopards in the upper reach of the Himalayas, Lion Tailed Macaque in Western Ghats, and The Golden Langur in Assam, to name a few.
5) The National Parks of Bhandavgarh, Kaziranga, Ranthambore, Bandipur, Namdhapa, Gir, Jim Corbett and Sundarbans are the most visited places by wildlife lovers. Accommodation in some of these parks includes luxury resorts.
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“India is well known for its bountiful bio diversity and exotic endemic species. We have over 80 national parks and about 440 wildlife sanctuaries. The majestic Indian elephant, breathtakingly beautiful Bengal tigress, conspicuous one horned rhino, Asiatic Lion – these are just some of our indigenous four legged friends. Our feathery partners are equally stunning & diverse, such as the Great Himalayan Monal pheasant and the Great Indian bustard.”